Fruit flies lay their eggs near the surface of fermenting foods or other moist, organic materials. Upon emerging, the tiny larvae continue to feed near the surface of. The Tephritidae are one of two fly families referred to as fruit flies, the other family being the The larvae develop in leaves, stems, flowers, seeds, fruits, and roots of the host plant, depending on the species. Some species are gall-forming. Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) is commonly referred to as the pepper fruit fly or feces, carrion and even the live larvae of other insects including the tobacco.